|Cím||Citizen Rights - A State of Democracy: Towards Citizen Rights Protection in the EU|
|Közlemény típusa||Riport / Report|
|Év / Year||2016|
|Szerzők||Dupouey, Valentin, Najmowicz Alexandrina, and Jackson OLDFIELD|
|Kulcsszavak / Keywords||Citizen Rights|
The Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. These values are common to the Member States in a society in which pluralism, non-discrimination, tolerance, justice, solidarity and equality between women and men prevail.
Article 2, Treaty on European Union (TEU)
Article 2 has a prominent place in the EU treaties, yet a vast gap exists between the rights guaranteed by the EU and the exercise of these rights. Unclear laws, disempowerment or fear of reprisal can prevent people from knowing and enjoying their rights.
The EU’s main response to ensure that these values are upheld are through Article 11 TEU and its mechanisms to encourage citizen participation in its policy development processes, and Article 7 TEU, allowing the Union to react to systematic threats to fundamental values by Member States.
It is clear however that these processes are not enough. Participation tools are often weak or non-existent, denying citizens of the EU the opportunity to engage in the EU’s work, while Article 7 and its pre-processes are unlikely to be used. Proposals to close this gap and build EU oversight of Member States that violate fundamental rights and values also heavily lean towards technocratic or political decisions rather than citizen participation.
Concluding this report, we assess active citizenship and propose a radical overhaul of the way European institutions include citizens in EU level decision making and protection of human rights. This includes: